IJSP is an International, Peer Reviewed/ Refereed, Indexed, Open Access, Online Journal of Arts and Social Sciences. 10 Golden Years of the regular Publication Call for Paper : IJSP invites Research articles, View Papers, Short Communications, Book Reviews etc for Vol 11(02):2024 Timeline for Vol 11(02):2024 Proposed Publication Date (Online): 31 July 2024, (Print): 15 August 2024 Last Date of Submission: 31 May 2024

Self-Efficacy Findings in Families of Intellectually Disabled Children of Cuddalore District, Tamilnadu

G Suganya, N Balakrishnan


  1. Ph.D Research Scholar, Department of Psychology, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamilnadu, INDIA
  2. Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamilnadu, INDIA


Albert Bandura identified self-efficacy as central to understanding an individual‘s transaction with their environment. That is, Self-efficacy expectations are, linked to the perceived skills of individuals, and knowledge of appropriate behaviors and it is also linked to the success or failure of task in the past. Bandura further explains a strong interrelation exists among vicarious experience, social persuasion, and emotional arousal in influencing self-efficacy. Parents of intellectually disabled children face many difficulties in their lifetime when compared to other forms of disability. Based on research studies, we can understand that they need, a parenting program, where, professional training to handle stress is much essential. Though many scales for studying, parental self-efficacy is available, TOPSE was selected as suitable for the study sample by the researcher of this study.    It was devised by KENDALL S. & BLOOMFIELD L. (2005) and published at the Journal of Advanced Nursing 51(2), their construction and validation of the scale.  It was included as an instrument to assess parental self-efficacy; its reliability & validity are also proved by the authors. This present study applies TOPSE to study parental self-efficacy for families of Intellectually Disabled children, residing in the Cuddalore district of Tamilnadu.

Bandura Self Efficacy, Vicarious Experience, Social Persuasion, Emotional Arousal, Parental Self-efficacy, Family of Intellectually Disabled Children, Cuddalore District.