Basir Ahmad Sharifi, C M Raj Praveen
State-building is the process of establishing and strengthening the institutions essential for the smooth functioning of government and necessary for economic, social, and political development. The state-building process in Afghanistan has been severely affected by wars, terrorism, ethnic and religious conflicts, tyranny, and dictatorships. After 9/11 and the Bonn agreement in 2001, a serious need for state-building was deemed necessary for a durable solution to the issue in Afghanistan. India contributed to the state-building process in Afghanistan in the last two decades. India has become an important international player in peace-building, institutional-building, and security in South Asia. India is the fifth-largest bilateral donor country (behind the US, Japan, UK, and Germany) and has long-term development programmes after three decades of wars in Afghanistan. India realized that a stable, prosperous, and democratic Afghanistan is its strategic interest. Moreover, India had an effective role in the political, security, economic and institutional rebuilding process in Afghanistan. However, this paper aims at analysing the role and impacts of India’s assistance on the state-building process in Afghanistan from 2001 to 2014. The paper employs a qualitative method for data collection; The paper is divided into three sections: The first section provides a brief historical overview of India-Afghanistan relations. The second section evaluates and analyse the role and impacts of India’s assistance in the state-building process in Afghanistan. The third section would recommend and conclude the study.
India, Afghanistan, State-Building, Assistance, Impact