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INTERNATIONAL, PEER REVIEWED/REFEREED, MULTIDISCIPLINARY,BIANNUAL,BILINGUAL, OPEN ACCESS,INDEXED JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE AND HUMANITIES Special Issue on Indian Elections and General Election 2019 proposed on 31 September 2019 Vol 06 Issue 02 is proposed on 31st July 2019 Last Date of Submission 31st May 2019 Publication Date 31st July 2019(Online), 15 August 2019 (Print)

State, Political Economy and Governance

Abhijeet Mishra

Affiliations:

  1. Research Scholar, Department of Social Work, University of Delhi, Delhi, INDIA

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Sate can be defined as any formal geographic territory, which is politically organized and the decision-making is by a single independent government. The individuals that comprise the state are the citizens or the voters. As a result of the expansion of the state in managing economic activities, working as an arbiter and a conflict resolver, the new notion of state as a Social Institution arise. Furthermore, the state started to develop as the main authoritative centre for the power sharing and emerging political forms and lately it started to expand its territory to the peripheral zones, largely working for the socio-economic welfare of the downtrodden or the general public and solving the intrastate and interstate conflicts. As a result of this, the state impinged over the lives of the people, as there day to day activities, decision making and welfare became a part of the welfare state and their lives were governed by judiciary, laws and machinery of the government.

Keywords:
State, Economy, Governance, Territory, Population, Sovereignty