PTCA (Plains Tribal Council of Assam), is the first political party of the plains tribes of Assam. The party played a vital role in bringing political consciousness amongst the tribal of the northern bank of Brahmaputra in general and Bodos in particular. This party since its inception fought for the protection of the rights of the tribal, for better safeguard, all round development and demanded union territory status and later on downgraded to Autonomous region which evoked good response from the Bodo community. The party played very active role both inside and outside of the Assam Legislative Assembly. The party could not hold last long its faith because of its internal conflict, failure in drawing the attention to the government and support to the government which hurt the Bodo masses and rejected them by embracing the ABSU (U). So the party demised without getting the aspired outcome but sowed the seeds of demand of autonomy. The paper is an attempt to analyse the rise and downfall of the first political party of the Bodos in Assam.
PTCA, Bodo, Tribal, ABSU, Autonomy