Indo Nepal border is the only open border in South Asia. Whereas open border is beneficial for people to people contact between two countries and essential for trade and economic development of both countries and for the bonding of cultural ties of these ancient civilizations. It’s also experienced so many problems or criminal and illegal practices over the borders, such as trafficking of arms, drugs, various other resources, goods and most dangerous among them is human trafficking. Women and children especially girl child are more vulnerable to this trafficking cases. Open border facilitate such activities, this is the reason that there is no recognition of these kind of activities. Only few cases had been registered. According to the Indian Home ministry in 2012 and 2013, there were 8 and 13 cases of human trafficking on the Indo-Nepal border registered. In 2014 and before the earthquake in 2015 there were 8 registered cases. However, in the aftermath of the earthquake in 2015, 46 cases have been registered. The government of both the countries try to rescue victims and curb this problem. But due to the complexity of the issue they are not fully successful. The present paper aimed to analyse the problem of trafficking on Indo Nepal border, the challenges in eliminating this illegal activity, others factors involved in it and recommendations for preventing this problem.
Women Trafficking, Open order